General Information Related to Chemspunge use

There are many patients who have been suffering from septic wounds for many years without a cure.
Conventional treatments, as well as surgical interventions, have been used to treat problematic wounds.

Why is there no cure for some wounds?
The most common fact remains Oedema.
Oedema prevents blood and oxygen from reaching the wound exudate.
This is essential in creating a setting where cells and enzymes can migrate and function, to establish a nutritional medium, enabling energy and leukocytes to the required area to destroy bacteria.

FACTORS THAT COULD PREVENT WOUND HEALING:
80% of leg ulcers are caused by inadequate venous drainage or damage to venous valves,
Venous diseases, such as thrombosis, that have damaged valves,
Poor blood circulation, which causes tissue death,
Loss of elasticity of arterial wall,
Lepophases are formed in arteries, such as cholesterol due to fatty diets,
Oedema of the lower limbs,
Obstructions,
Diabetes Mellitus,
Leprosy,
Multiple sclerosis,
Skin maceration or irritation,
Lymphatic disorders, relating to drainage,
Rheumatoid arthritis can develop into septic arthritis,
Minor burns that have been neglected,
Malnutrition or Dehydration,
Wounds can become immune to the previous or existing wound treatment.

What is Oedema?
Excessive accumulation of fluid, due to an increase in extra-vascular water and plasma proteins.
Red blood cell leakage from the vascular system, which releases haemoglobin during disintegration.
White blood cells caught up in the tissue, due to increased hydrostatic pressure.
Oedema occurs because of venous insufficiency.

The constriction or blockage of small arteries causes arterial ulcers or ischaemic ulcers.
These arteries are responsible for providing the skin with nutrients and oxygen.

We are what we eat.
It is essential to follow a healthy eating plan and to take in sufficient fluids.
Bad habits such as heavy smoking, alcohol abuse, malnutrition, and poor living conditions contribute to leg ulcers and ischaemia which are common diseases with age.

It is essential that oedema be lifted as soon as possible to allow blood circulation.
The advantage of using Chemspunge is that oedema is lifted thus alleviating the pressure on the nerve endings and reducing the pain and inflammation of the wound.
These unique products promote blood circulation through its adsorption capacity, creating an environment less acceptable for bacteria multiplication, as bacteria thrive in wet conditions.
Debridement through osmotic pressure moves debris and slough to the wound surface irreversibly, forming a black scab in the case of necrotic wounds and 3rd-degree burns.

During the debridement stage, the wound will become deeper and larger with bad odours escaping, due to necrotic tissue disintegrating through osmotic pressure.
In the case of 2nd-degree burns and minor septic wounds only the slough will be lifted to the wound surface.
The black scab forming on the wound surface will indicate to the surgeon when to perform surgical desloughing.

Continue with Chemspunge until debridement is completed.
At this stage, the wound will start bleeding and granulation tissue will be visible in the form of small red “pimples”.
Exudate escaping the wound after debridement will be red and watery without odours.
Dressing changes at this stage should be less frequent to prevent over-granulation, especially when treating children and animals. The elderly granulate much slower.
The advice of a clinician should be obtained for all wound types.

Patients may experience pain, as the product is hydrophilic.
Poor blood circulation and inflammation may cause the exudate to escape the wound which will create a burning sensation.
Small blisters may form around the surrounding wound areas, which can be treated with Anti-Septic Spray and Donor Aid Dressings at nighttime to allow the patient to rest.

Cavity wounds must be treated with Chemspunge Cavity Plugs and covered with a Chemspunge Wound Dressing.
After debridement, fewer cavity plugs are necessary to allow the cavity walls to granulate.

If a wound does not heal in 100 days, a blood count or biopsy is necessary.
The patient's physical condition must be taken into account as well as factors that may cause a wound;
HIV / AIDS, Cancer, Diabetes,
Rheumatoid arthritis, and
Tuberculosis.
These are common and infective disorders.
Even over-granulation remains a concern if the patient's history seems normal to healthy.
If pseudomona aeruginosa is tested positive, it is advisable not to apply vinegar dressings onto the wound area.
The acidity in these products does harm to new granulation cells.
Continue with Chemspunge until debridement is completed.
Research has proven not to disturb any wound, only assist the body to remove that which is not needed by using Chemspunge Wound Dressing

Animal and insect bites normally heal slowly, but by using Chemspunge, the problems appear to be less complicated.
Proteins and vitamins promote cell proliferation.
Therefore it is recommended that Vitamin B-1, B-2, B-3, B-6 and B-12, as well as Vitamin C 500-1000 mg, be taken daily to maintain healthy collagen tissue.
Zinc 250mg should be taken daily to control bacteria multiplication.

The control and stimulation of the entire wound healing process is largely the task of macrophages - the most important cells in the healing process.
It transforms the growth factor which promotes cell forming (TGF A and TGF B), and fibroblasts (FCF-1 and 2) stimulate leukocytes which promote new cell formulation.
Epidermal growth FGFs stimulate epi-theliasation.

Wound healing cannot proceed unless the inflammatory process is completed.
Excessive fluids, exudate or the use of cytotoxic drugs delay the inflammatory process.
Surgical intervention at the wrong stage may create more oedema and damage healthy tissue, veins, tendons, and lymphatic fluids, as it is impossible to distinguish between healthy and necrotic tissue.

Why is the Chemspunge Wound Dressing unique?
No advance cleaning of wounds is necessary.
Chemspunge Wound Dressing is unique because it doesn't deposit anything into the wound.
Chemspunge removes oedema and devitalized tissue from the wound irreversibly.
Chemspunge allows the gaseous exchange of oxygen, dioxide, and water vapour.
Chemspunge allows monitoring of the wound.
Chemspunge is safe to use, with no allergic reactions reported.
Chemspunge shows when to perform a surgical intervention to prevent damage to healthy tissue, tendons, veins, and nerves, as the product will lift acher or debris to the wound surface in the form of a black scab.
By lifting the oedema within 24 hours, the patient experiences pain relief.
Chemspunge creates an environment less acceptable for bacteria or pathological organism proliferation in wounds.
Chemspunge lifts odours after every dressing change; thus, fewer odours escape the wound.
Chemspunge is classified as a bioactive, non-stick wound dressing.
Chemspunge can be used on any type of wound or skin abrasion, to lift oedema thus preventing sepsis.
Chemspunge allows the body to perform its inherent natural healing process in any age group.

Research has proven the following:
Advanced cleaning of wounds creates high costs and time-consuming procedures for nurses.
This exercise cannot remove slough that cannot be visualized, as necrotic collagen anchors debris to the healthy tissue.
Swabbing might only disturb granulation in superficial wounds or scalds.
Patients may be allergic to certain cleaning agents.
Cotton wool can leave fluff in the wound if not properly soaked.
Wound contact with tap and sea water should be avoided as it is un-sterile and contains elements that might prevent healing.
The scrubbing of wounds to remove slough is a traumatic experience for the patient and nursing staff.
Many patients suffer psychological problems after burn treatment.
For example;
Fearing nurses and Doctors,
Learning problems at school
Grinding their teeth at night - thus teeth problems
Bed wetting
Fear in general of Dentists, Doctors and Hospitals.
Surgical intervention depends on the wound status.
The risk is always to distinguish between healthy and necrotic tissue; at all times damage must be prevented to healthy tissue, veins, tendons, nerves, bone and lymphatic fluids.

In some cases patients face the following problems after surgery.
Leg Amputation.
This could be caused by:
Circularity insufficiency,
Lack of nutrients responsible for generating cells,
Poor nursing care - to treat wounds daily or un-hygienically,
Diabetes Mellitus,
Poor blood coagulation,
Poor immune system,
Obesity - excess fluids,
Old age - slow granulation, gangrene,
Cytotoxic drugs,
Radio therapy,
Chemotherapy,
Drainage tubes, septic sinus,
Wet gangrene.

It is essential that the correct technique is used to obtain a wound swab, as the analysis of a surface swab, to indicate pathogenic organisms, can be misleading.
Wound infection and allergies to conventional treatment can retard wound healing.
Patients suffering from septic wounds for many years without a cure were tested for white blood cell pyrexia.
Chemspunge Wound Dressing is the best treatment for abscesses, as well as any other type of septic wound.
Septic abdominal or orthopedic surgery wounds benefit from using Chemspunge Wound Dressing to control oedema, sepsis and infection as this helps prevent septicemia and bacteria penetration into wounds.
Chemspunge Wound Dressing is suitable for the use on:
Fungal wounds,
Malignant Melanomas,
Early stages of breast cancer,
Skin Cancer,
Any external tumour-related mediators that influence the coagulation or re-epithelialisation of the wound healing process.
Medical supervision at all stages is essential during treatment. 

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